Effect of Student Evaluation of Teacher Based Feedback on Self-Disclosure of Secondary School Teachers

Nilesh Kumar Patel, Poonam Awasthi


ABSTRACT: Self-evaluation of teachers can be considered as a process of looking at teachers’ owns progress, development, and learning to determine what has improvement and what areas still need improvement. The research is aimed at finding out the effect of student evaluation of teacher based feedback on self-disclosure of secondary school teachers. This research is experimental in nature. Non-equivalent control group design, suggested by Donald T. Campbell & Julian C. Stanley (1963), was used for the experiment. Student evaluation of teacher based feedback was treatment and independent variable; self-disclosure of teachers was dependent variable; and pre self-disclosure, pre-teaching effectiveness, and intelligence were considered as covariates. The sample of the study comprised of 70 secondary school teachers, and 220 students studying in secondary classes from purposively selected four schools of Indore city, India. The data for self-disclosure, teaching effectiveness, and intelligence were collected through standardized tools. One-way ANCOVA (Analysis of Covariance) and 2x2 factorial design ANCOVA were used for data analysis. Hypotheses were tested at level of significance with α = 0.05. It was found that the treatment has significant effect over self-disclosure of secondary school teachers when pre self-disclosure was taken as covariate. The results also shown that self-disclosure was independent of the treatment, when intelligence and pre-teaching effectiveness was separately considered as covariates. In addition, the study of self-disclosure was also found independent of interaction between feedback and intelligence, when pre – self-disclosure was taken as covariate.

KEY WORDS: Student Evaluation of Teachers; Assessment of Teaching; Assessment of Instruction; Self-Disclosure; Secondary School Teachers.


About the Authors: Nilesh Kumar Patel is Principal at the Vidyasagar College, Indore City, India; Head of Department at the IGNOU (Indira Gandhi National Open University) Study Center 1558 (P); and VT (Visiting Team) member in NCTE (National Council for Teacher Education): A Statutory Body of Government of India, in New Delhi, India. Poonam Awasthi is M.Ed. Student at the Vidyasagar College DAU (Devi Ahilya University), Indore City, India. E-mail address: nktp12374@gmail.com and poonamt06@gmail.com

Suggested Citation: Patel, Nilesh Kumar & Poonam Awasthi. (2018). “Effect of Student Evaluation of Teacher Based Feedback on Self-Disclosure of Secondary School Teachers” in EDUCARE: International Journal for Educational Studies, Volume 10(2), February, pp.63-74. Bandung, Indonesia and BS Begawan, Brunei Darussalam: Minda Masagi Press owned by ASPENSI and BRIMAN Institute, ISSN 1979-7877.

Article Timeline: Accepted (December 28, 2017); Revised (January 28, 2018); and Published (February 28, 2018).


Student Evaluation of Teachers; Assessment of Teaching; Assessment of Instruction; Self-Disclosure; Secondary School Teachers

Full Text:



Abraham, A. (1994). “Job Satisfaction and Teacher Effectiveness: A Study on College Teachers” in Indian Journal of Psychometry and Education, 25, pp.1-12.

Abrami, P.C. (1989). “How Should We Use Student Ratings to Evaluate Teaching?” in Research in Higher Education, 30(2), pp.221-227.

Abrami, P.C. & D.A. Mizener. (1983). “Does the Attitude Similarity of College Professors and Their Students Produce ‘Bias’ in the Course Evaluations?” in American Educational Research Journal, 20(1), pp.123-136.

Abrami, P.C., H.M. Marilyn & F. Raiszadeh. (2001). “Business Students’ Perceptions of Faculty Evaluations” in The International Journal of Educational Management, 15(1), pp.12-22.

Abrami, P.C., S. D'Apollonia & P.A. Cohen. (1990). “Validity of Student Ratings of Instruction: What We Know and What We Do Not” in Journal of Educational Psychology, 82(2), pp.219-231.

Abrami, P.C., S. D’Apollonia & S. Rosenfield. (1997). “The Dimensionality of Student Ratings of Instruction: What We Know and What We Do Not” in R.P. Perry & J.C. Smart [eds]. Effective Teaching in Higher Education: Research and Practice. New York: Agathon Press, pp.321-367.

Aigner, D.J. & F.D. Thum. (1986). “On Student Evaluation of Teaching Ability” in The Journal of Economic Education, 17, pp.243-265.

Airasian, P.W. & A. Gullickson. (1994). “Examination of Teacher Self-Assessment” in Journal of Personnel Education in Education, 8(2), pp.195-203.

Aleamoni, L.M. (1976). “Typical Faculty Concerns about Student Evaluation of Instruction” in National Association of Colleges and Teachers of Agriculture Journal, 20(l), pp.16-21.

Allen, A. & S. Court. (2009). “Leader Self-Disclosure within PAL: A Case Study” in Journal of Peer Learning, 2(1), pp.68-86.

Angelo, T. & P. Cross. (1993). Classroom Assessment Techniques: A Handbook for College Faculty. San Francesco: Jossey-Bass.

Arora, K. (1976). “Difference between Effective and Ineffective Teachers”. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis. New Delhi, India: Jamia Millia Islamia.

Balachandran, E.S. (1981). “Teaching Effectiveness and Student Evaluation of Teaching”. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis. Madras, India: Madras University.

Basow, S.A. (1995). “Student Evaluations of College Professors: When Gender Matters” in Journal of Educational Psychology, 87(4), pp.656-665.

Basow, S.A. & N.T. Silberg. (1987). “Student Evaluations of College Professors: Are Female and Male Professors Rated Differently?” in Journal of Educational Psychology, 79(3), pp.308-314.

Blackwell, J.L. (1983). “A Statistical Interpretation of Student Evaluation Feedback: A Comment” in Journal of Economic Education, 14, pp.19-25.

Boice, R. (1992). Advice for New Faculty Member. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.

Brancato, G. et al. (2015). “Handbook of Recommended Practices for Quesionnarie Development and Testing in the European Statistical System”. Available online at: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/64157/4374310/13-Handbook-recommended-practices-questionnaire [accessed in New Delhi, India: November 10, 2017].

Brookfield, S. (1995). Becoming a Critically Reflective Teacher. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.

Campbell, Donald T. & Julian C. Stanley. (1963). Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs for Research. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. Available online also at: https://www.sfu.ca/~palys/Campbell&Stanley [accessed in New Delhi, India: October 9, 2017].

Cayanus, J.L. (2004). “Using Teacher Self-Disclosure as an Instructional Tool” in Communication Teacher, 18, pp.6-9.

Cayanus, J.L. & M.M. Martin. (2003). “The Relationship between Teacher Self-Disclosure, Student Motives, Student Affect, and Student Participation”. Paper presented at the Eastern Communication Association Convention, Washington, DC.

Cayanus, J.L. & M.M. Martin. (2004). “An Instructor Self-Disclosure Scale” in Communication Research Reports, 21, pp.252-263.

Cayanus, J.L. & M.M. Martin. (2008). “Teacher Self-Disclosure: Amount, Relevance, and Negativity” in Communication Quarterly, 56, pp.325-341.

Cayanus, J.L., M.M. Martin & K. Weber. (2003). “The Relationships between Teacher Self-Disclosure with Out-of-Class Communication, Student Interest, and Cognitive Learning”. Paper presented at the Southern States Communication Association Convention, Birmingham, AL.

Cayanus, J.L., M.M. Martin & A.K. Goodboy. (2009). “The Relation between Teacher Self-Disclosure and Student Motives to Communicate” in Communication Research Reports, Vol.26, No.2 [May], pp.105-113. Available online also at: http://www.communicationcache.com/uploads/1/0/8/8/10887248/the_relation [accessed in New Delhi, India: October 9, 2017].

Centra, J. (1993). Reflective Faculty Evaluation: Enhancing Teaching and Determining Faculty Effectiveness. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.

Clark, C.M. & P.L. Peterson. (1986). “Teachers’ Thought Processes” in M.C. Wittrock [ed]. Handbook of Research on Teaching. New York: Macmillan, pp.255-296.

Cohen, P.A. (1981). “Student Ratings of Instruction and Student Achievement: A Meta-Analysis of Multisection Validity Studies” in Review of Educational Research, 51, pp.281-304.

Costin, F., T.G. William & R.J. Menges. (1973). “Student Ratings of College Teaching: Reliability, Validity, and Usefulness” in Journal of Economic Education, 5, pp.51-53.

CPC [Common Policy Challenges]. (2015). “Evaluation and Assessment Frameworks for Improving School Outcomes” in Education and Training Policy. Available online also at: http://www.oecd.org/edu/school/46927511.pdf [accessed in New Delhi, India: October 9, 2017].

D’Apollonia, S. & P.C. Abrami. (1997). “Navigating Student Ratings of Instruction” in American Psychologist, 52(11), pp.1198-1208.

DeRoche, E.F. & M.M. Williams. (1998). Educating Hearts and Minds. California: Corusin Press.

Dershowitz, A. (1992). Contrary to Popular Opinion. New York: Pharaos Books.

Dooris, M.J. (1997). “An Analysis of the Penn State Student Rating of Teaching Effectiveness”. A Report presented to the University Faculty Senate of the Pennsylvania State University. Available online also at: http://www.psu.edu/president/cqi/cqi/srte/analysis.html [accessed in New Delhi, India: October 9, 2017].

Dunning, David, Chip Heath & Jerry M. Suls. (2004). “Flawed Self-Assessment: Implications for Health, Education, and the Workplace” in Psychological Science in the Public Interest, Vol.5(3). Available online also at: http://persweb.wabash.edu/facstaff/hortonr/articles [accessed in New Delhi, India: October 9, 2017].

Eckhart, B. (2011). “To Share or Not to Share: Cancer and What Teachers Should Tell Students about it” in Talking about Teaching, 5, pp.43-50.

Fernandez, Charles E. & Jenny Yu. (2007). “Peer Review of Teaching” in Journal of Chiropractic Education, Vol.21(2), Fall, pp.154-161. Available online also at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2384183/ [accessed in New Delhi, India: November 10, 2017].

Gallagher, T.J. (2000). “Embracing Student Evaluations of Teaching: A Case Study” in Teaching Sociology, 28(2), pp.140-147.

Glynn, S.M., L.P. Aultman & A.M. Owens. (2005). “Motivation to Learn in General Education Programs” in The Journal of General Education, 54(2), pp.150-170.

Goldstein, G.S. & V.A. Benassi. (1994). “The Relation between Teacher Self-Disclosure and Student Classroom Participation” in Teaching of Psychology, 21, pp.212-216.

Gupta, Sushma & Rajni Devi. (2017). “Self-Disclosure and Values of Adolescents in Relation to Their School Environment” in IERJ: International Education & Research Journal, Vol.3(1), January. Available online also at: file:///C:/Users/acer/Downloads/674-3226-1-PB.pdf [accessed in New Delhi, India: October 9, 2017].

Guthrie, E.R. (1954). The Evaluation of Teaching: A Progress Report. Seattle: University of Washington.

Hajdin, Goran & Katarina Pažur. (2012). “Differentiating between Student Evaluation of Teacher and Teaching Effectiveness” in JIOS: Journal of Information and Organizational Sciences, Vol.36, No.2, pp.123-134. Available online also at: file:///C:/Users/acer/Downloads/03%20(2).pdf [accessed in New Delhi, India: October 9, 2017].

Hattie, J.A.C. (2003). “Teachers Make a Difference: What is the Research Evidence?”. Paper presented at the Building Teacher Quality: What Does the Research Tell Us, ACER Research Conference, Melbourne, Australia. Available online also at: http://research.acer.edu.au/research_conference_2003/4/ [accessed in New Delhi, India: November 10, 2017].

Hobson, S.M. & D.M. Talbot. (2001). “Understanding Student Evaluations” in College Teaching, 49(1), pp.26-31.

Hodgson, Claire & Katie Pyle. (2010). A Literature Review of Assessment for Learning in Science. UK [United Kingdom]: National Foundation for Educational Research. Available online also at: https://www.nfer.ac.uk/publications/AAS01/AAS01.pdf [accessed in New Delhi, India: November 10, 2017].

Hornstein, Henry A. (2017). “Student Evaluation of Teaching are an Inadequate Assessment Tool for Evaluating Faculty Performance” in Journal of Cogent Education, Vol.4(1). Available online also at: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/2331186X.2017.1304016 [accessed in New Delhi, India: November 10, 2017].

Jain, P. (2004). Educational Technology. Delhi: Moujpur Publication.

Johnson, B.L. (1997). “An Organizational Analysis of Multiple Perspectives of Effective Teaching: Implications for Teacher Evaluation” in Journal of Personnel Evaluation in Education, 11, pp.69-87.

Kunda, Maithilee, Keith McGreggor & Ashok Goel. (2009). “Addressing the Raven’s Progressive Matrices Test of ‘General’ Intelligence”. Paper from the AAAI Fall Symposium on Multirepresentational Architectures for Human-Level Intelligence. Available online also at: file:///C:/Users/acer/Downloads/954-4169-1-PB.pdf [accessed in New Delhi, India: November 10, 2017].

Larson, Stanford S. (1967). “A Comparison of Two Non-Verbal Intelligence Tests as Predictors of Academic Success of Navajo Students” in All Graduate Theses and Dissertations, Paper 4652.

Leech, N.L., K.C. Barrett & G.A. Morgan. (2005). SPSS for Intermediate Statistics: Use and Interpretation. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2nd edition.

Marsh, H.W. & L.A. Roche. (1997). “Making Students’ Evaluations of Teaching Effectiveness Effective” in American Psychologist, 52(11), pp.1187-1197.

Mazer, J.P., R.E. Murphy & C.J. Simonds. (2007). “I’ll See You on ‘Facebook’: The Effects of Computer-Mediated Teacher Self-Disclosure on Student Motivation, Affective Learning, and Classroom Climate” in Communication Education, 56(1), pp.1-17.

Mensh, Elaine & Harry Mensh. (1991). The IQ Mythology: Class, Race, Gender, and Inequality. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press.

Mukherji, Shoma & Neera Jain. (2015). “Development of a Scale to Assess Communication Effectiveness of Managers Working in Multicultural Environments” in Global Advances in Business and Communications Conference & Journal, Vol.4(1). Available online also at: http://commons.emich.edu/gabc/vol4/iss1/2 [accessed in New Delhi, India: November 10, 2017].

NCLRC [National Capital Language Resource Center]. (2004). “Assessing Learning: Peer and Self-Assessment”. Available online at: http://www.nclrc.org/essentials/assessing/peereval.htm [accessed in New Delhi, India: October 9, 2017].

Nitza, D. & S. Dan. (2006). “Using Students’ Assessments to Improve Instructors’ Quality of Teaching” in Journal of Further and Higher Education, 30(4), pp.p351-376.

Patel, N.K. (2017). “Effect of Integrated Feedback on Teacher Morale of Secondary School Teachers” in International Journal on New Trends in Education and Their Implications, 8(4), pp.1-12.

Patel, N.K. & B. Joshi. (2015). “A Comparative Study of Job Satisfaction of Secondary School Teachers” in Anweshika, 10(3), pp.15-22.

Punyanunt-Carter, N.M. (2006). “College Students’ Perceptions of What Teaching Assistants are Self-Disclosing in the Classroom” in College Student Journal, 40(1), pp.3-10.

Richmond, V.P. (1990). “Communication in the Classroom: Power and Motivation” in Communication Education, 39, pp.181-195.

Savage, T.V. & M.K. McCord. (1986). “The Use of Student Evaluation in the Assessment of Teacher Competence”. Available online at: www.ERIC.com [accessed in New Delhi, India: October 9, 2017].

Sharma, N. (2011). “A Survey of Teachers’ Opinion on the Students’ Evaluation of Teachers” in International Journal of Educational Research and Technology, 2(1), pp.57-61.

Sinha, Virendra. (1982). Self-Disclosure Inventory. Agra: National Psychological Corporation.

Tagomori, H.T. (1993). “A Content Analysis of Instruments Used for Student Evaluation of Faculty in Schools of Education at Universities and Colleges Accredited by the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education”. Unpublished Education Doctorate Dissertation. USA [United States of America]: University of San Francisco.

Theall, M. & J. Franklin [eds]. (1990). Student Rating of Instruction Issues for Improving Practices. San Francisco: Jossey Bass, Inc.

Theall, M. & J. Franklin [eds]. (1991). Effective Practices for Improving Teaching: New Directors for Teaching & Learning. San Francisco: Jossey Bass, Inc.

Tyler, Linda. (2010). “Measuring Teaching Effectiveness” in Education Week. Available online also at: https://www.ets.org/Media/Education_Topics/pdf/MeasuringTeacherEffectiveness.pdf [accessed in New Delhi, India: November 10, 2017].

“Understanding Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA)”. Available online at: http://oak.ucc.nau.edu/rh232/courses/eps625/handouts/ancova/understanding%20ancova.pdf [accessed in New Delhi, India: November 10, 2017].

Vingsle, Charlotta. (2014). Formative Assessment: Teacher Knowledge and Skills to Make it Happen. Umea: Naturvetenskapernas och Matematikens Didaktik. Available online also at: https://umu.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:735415/FULLTEXT01.pdf [accessed in New Delhi, India: October 9, 2017].

Weimer, M.E. (1991). Improving College Teaching: Strategies for Developing Instructional Effectiveness. San Francisco: Jossey Bass, Inc.

Wilson, R. (1986). “Improving Faculty Teaching: Effective Use of Student Evaluations and Consultants” in The Journal of Higher Education, 57(2), pp.196-211.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2121/edu-ijes.v10i2.945

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.2121/edu-ijes.v10i2.945.g853


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 EDUCARE

Lisensi Creative Commons

EDUCARE: International Journal for Educational Studies. Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional

View My Stats