History and Placement of Guidance and Counselling in Contemporary World: Perspectives of Counsellors in Nigeria

Lateef Omotosho Adegboyega


ABSTRACT: This study examined the history and placement of guidance and counselling in contemporary world from the perspectives of counsellors in Nigeria. Descriptive survey designed was adopted with a sample of 300 counsellors that were drawn from each of the six geopolitical zones in Nigeria. Data were collected using an instrument tagged “HPGCQ (History and Placement of Guidance and Counselling Questionnaire)”. The instrument was validated by experts and its reliability was established using test re-test method and a co-efficient of 0.76 was obtained. Data was analyzed using percentage and mean. Findings revealed that counsellors are aware of the history of guidance and counselling in the contemporary world; while counselling was rated as a profession that has impacted the life of Nigerians; and the history can also be traced to the 19th century in the south-west of Nigeria. Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended that Federal Government and Ministry of Education should make counselling course a prerequisite for all students in Nigeria; enlightenment programme should be organized to let more people access counselling services available in the country; and counselling should be a licensed profession in Nigeria.

KEY WORD: History and Placement; Guidance and Counselling; Counsellors in Nigeria; Contemporary World. 

IKHTISAR: “Sejarah dan Penempatan Bimbingan dan Konseling di Dunia Kontemporer: Perspektif Konselor di Nigeria”. Penelitian ini meneliti sejarah dan penempatan bimbingan dan konseling di dunia kontemporer dari perspektif konselor di Nigeria. Survei deskriptif yang dirancang diadopsi dengan sampel 300 konselor yang diambil dari masing-masing enam zona geopolitik di Nigeria. Data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan instrumen yang ditandai “HPGCQ (Kuesioner Sejarah dan Penempatan Bimbingan dan Konseling)”. Instrumen ini divalidasi oleh para ahli dan keandalannya ditetapkan dengan menggunakan metode uji-ulang tes dan co-efisien 0.76 diperoleh. Data dianalisis menggunakan persentase dan rata-rata. Temuan mengungkapkan bahwa konselor sadar akan sejarah bimbingan dan konseling di dunia kontemporer; sementara konseling dinilai sebagai profesi yang berdampak pada kehidupan orang Nigeria; dan sejarah juga dapat ditelusuri pada abad ke-19 di barat daya Nigeria. Berdasarkan temuan penelitian ini, direkomendasikan bahwa Pemerintah Federal dan Kementerian Pendidikan harus menjadikan kursus konseling sebagai prasyarat bagi semua mahasiswa di Nigeria; program pencerahan harus diselenggarakan untuk memungkinkan lebih banyak orang mengakses layanan konseling yang tersedia di negara; serta konseling harus menjadi profesi berlisensi di Nigeria.

KATA KUNCI: Sejarah dan Penempatan; Bimbingan dan Konseling; Konselor di Nigeria; Dunia Kontemporer.

About the Author: Dr. Lateef Omotosho Adegboyega is a Lecturer at the Department of Counsellor Education, Faculty of Education UNILORIN (University of Ilorin), Ilorin, Nigeria. For academic interests, the Author is able to be contacted via e-mail address at: adegboyega.lo@unilorin.edu.ng

Suggested Citation: Adegboyega, Lateef Omotosho. (2020). “History and Placement of Guidance and Counselling in Contemporary World: Perspectives of Counsellors in Nigeria” in SUSURGALUR: Jurnal Kajian Sejarah & Pendidikan Sejarah, Volume 8(1), Maret, pp.63-72. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press and UBD Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam, ISSN 2302-5808 (print) and ISSN 2684-7388 (online).

Article Timeline: Accepted (December 22, 2019); Revised (February 5, 2020); and Published (March 30, 2020).


History and Placement; Guidance and Counselling; Counsellors in Nigeria; Contemporary World

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.2121/susurgalur.v8i1.1289

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.2121/susurgalur.v8i1.1289.g1118


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