Analysis of Policy and Management of Old Town Based-Tourism in Padang City

Refni Yulia, Meri Erawati, Nopriyasman Nopriyasman

Abstract


ABSTRACT: The government Padang City in West Sumatera, Indonesia issued a Letter of Decree of Padang Mayor No.3/1998, setting historical buildings amounted to 74 old buildings. Nowadays, the historical buildings keep decreasing, along with the lack of government control and the occurrence of natural disasters, such as earthquakes in 2009. It becomes an irony considering that those buildings preserving stories, cultures, art, and romantic lives. In the past, some of the old buildings were functionally exchanged, and partly it was left neglected and crumbled away. It is needed historical seriousness and awareness from many stakeholders, both the government and the parties of the tourism industry, including Padang society, to develop and to preserve the Padang Old Town tourism. This study is aimed to analyze the policies implemented by the government of Padang City in managing and realizing the Old Town as an asset source of tourism areas. The method used in this study is a qualitative research one, including the stage of observation, interviews, and documentation. The results show that the government of Padang City has implemented several policies to manage and make the Old Town as tourist destination area in Padang, since 1998; but, in the reality, there are still many problems faced, especially related to the ownership status of the old building itself. The building ownership is still controlled by private parties. These conditions are even compounded by an earthquake occurring on 30th September 2009, which caused the Padang’s old buildings were damaged more seriously and some were even flat to the ground.

KEY WORDS: Policy Analysis; Old Town; Padang City; Tourism; Development Planning.

    

About the Authors: Refni Yulia, M.Hum. and Meri Erawati, M.Hum. are the Lecturers at the Department of History Education STKIP PGRI (College of Education anf Teacher Training, Teacher Union of the Republic of Indonesia) West Sumatra, Jalan Gunung Pangilun, Nanggalo, Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia. Dr. Nopriyasman is a Senior Lecturer at the Department of History, Faculty of Humanities UNAND (Andalas University) in Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia. E-mails address: refniyulia17@gmail.com, merierawati@gmail.com, and nopriyasman@yahoo.com

How to cite this article? Yulia, Refni, Meri Erawati & Nopriyasman. (2016). “Analysis of Policy and Management of Old Town Based-Tourism in Padang City” in TAWARIKH: International Journal for Historical Studies, Vol.8(1) October, pp.45-58. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press and UIN SGD Bandung, ISSN 2085-0980.

Chronicle of the article: Accepted (September 8, 2016); Revised (September 27, 2016); and Published (October 28, 2016).


Keywords


Policy Analysis; Old Town; Padang City; Tourism; Development Planning

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agustino, Leo. (2007). Dasar-dasar Kebijakan Publik. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Amran, Rusli. (1986). Padang: Riwayatmu Dulu. Padang: Mutiara Sumber Widya.

Asnan, Gusti. (2007). Dunia Maritim Pantai Barat Sumatera. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Ombak.

Asnan, Gusti. (2010). “Sejarah Perkembangan Kawasan Kota Lama di Daerah Rawan Gempa Sumatera Barat”. Makalah disampaikan pada Seminar Nasional tentang Rekonstruksi dan Rehabilitasi Bangunan Cagar Budaya Pascagempa di Padang, Sumatera Barat, Indonesia, tanggal 13-15 Desember.

Colombijn, Freek. (2006). Paco-paco (Kota) Padang: Sejarah sebuah Kota di Indonesia pada Abad ke-20 dan Penggunaan Ruang Kota. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Ombak.

Dye, T. (1972). Understanding Public Policy. Eaglewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.

Erniwati. (2007). Asap Hio di Ranah Minang: Komunitas Tionghoa di Sumatera Barat. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Ombak.

Eyestone, E. (1977). The Threads of Public Policy: A Study in Policy Leadership. Indianapolis USA [United States of America]: Bobs-Marril.

Finsterbusch, K. & A.B. Motz. (1980). Social Research for Policy Decisions. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Company.

Interview with Hervan Bahar, a Head of Regional Development and Planning Board of Padang City, in Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia: July 24, 2015.

Interview with Respondent A, a member of Padang City government, in Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia: July 3, 2015.

Interview with Respondent B, a member of Padang City government, in Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia: July 10, 2015.

Interview with Respondent C, a member of Padang City government, in Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia: July 17, 2015.

Islamy, Irfan. (2009). Prinsip-prinsip Perumusan Kebijaksanaan Negara. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Kemenbudpar RI [Kementerian Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata Republik Indonesia]. (2009). The Regulation of the Minister of Culture and Tourism No.64 of 2009 on Guidelines for Post Disaster Management of Old Object. Jakarta: Kementerian Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata Republik Indonesia.

Mansoer, M.D. et al. (1970). Sedjarah Minangkabau. Djakarta: Penerbit Bharata.

Marshall, C. & G.B. Rossman. (1995). Designing Qualitative Research. Newbury Park: Sage Publication, second edition.

Martokusumo, Widjaja. (2008) “Mendaur Ulang Kota Tambang Sawahlunto: Beberapa Catatan tentang Pendekatan Konservasi dalam Revitalisasi”. Unpublished Paper.

Nandi. (2008). “Pariwisata da Pengembangan Sumber Daya Manusia” in Jurnal GEA, Vol.8, No.1 [April]. Bandung: Jurusan Pendidikan Geografi FPIPS UPI [Fakultas Pendidikan Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia].

Nasution, Sorimuda. (2000). Metode Penelitian Naturalistik. Bandung: Penerbit Tarsito.

News on “Disbudpar: Tiga Objek Wisata Prioritas” in newspaper of Haluan. Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia: 5 May 2014, p.9.

News on “Gunung Padang Dibenahi: 11 Karya Wisata Terpadu Disayembarakan” in newspaper of Padang Ekspress. Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia: 28 November 2014.

News on “Revitalisasi Kota Tua Stagnan: Rp 7 M Benahi Pantai Airmanis” in newspaper of Harian Pagi Padang Ekspres. Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia: 23 Agustus 2013.

News on “Sayembara Arsitektur KWT Gunung Padang: Pemkot Serius Benahi Pariwisata Kota Padang” in newspaper of Padang Ekspres. Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia: 28 November 2014, p.19.

News on “19 Tahun Jembatan Siti Nurbaya” in magazine of Indonesia Raya. Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia: 14 December 2014, pp.4-5.

Ngini, Ngiris. (2011). “Permasalahan Pembangunan Revitalisasi Kawasan Wisata Istana Kuning (RKWIK)” in Jurnal Perspektif Arsitektur, Vol.6, No.2 [December].

Poerwandari, E.K. (2007). Pendekatan Kualitatif untuk Penelitian Perilaku Manusia. Jakarta: Penerbit LPSP3, Fakultas Psikologi UI [Universitas Indonesia].

Prakosa, Wahyu. (2011). “Kota Tua Jakarta: Revitalisasi Menyeluruh atau Menghilang?” in Proceeeding PESAT (Psikologi, Ekonomi, Sastra, Arsitektur, dan Sipil), Vol.4 [October]. Jakarta: Universitas Gunadarma.

Priyani, Rina. (2007). “Pluralitas dalam Teori Perencanaan” in Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Vol.18, No.3 [December].

Rinaldi, Ingki. (2011). “Kawasan Kota Tua Padang Jadi Gudang” in newspaper of Kompas. Jakarta, Indonesia: 12 March.

Sekdakot [Sekretaris Daerah Kota) Padang. (1998). The Mayor’s Decree of Padang No.3/1998 on Encoding of Processing of Old, Colonial, and Historical Buildings in Padang Municipality. Padang: Sekretariat Daerah Kota Padang.

Sekdakot [Sekretaris Daerah Kota] Padang. (2009). “Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Panjang Kota Padang, 2009-2030”. Unpublished Report. Padang: Sekretariat Daerah Kota Padang.

Sekdakot [Sekretaris Daerah Kota] Padang. (2012). Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Daerah Kota Padang, 2010-2030. Padang: Sekretariat Daerah Kota Padang.

Sekdakot [Sekretaris Daerah Kota] Padang. (2013). “Regional Development and Planning Board of Padang City”. Unpublished Report. Padang: Sekretariat Daerah Kota Padang.

Sekdakot [Sekretaris Daerah Kota] Padang. (2014a). “Documenting Activity Report of Cultural Heritage”. Unpublished Report. Padang: Sekretariat Daerah Kota Padang.

Sekdakot [Sekretaris Daerah Kota] Padang. (2014b). “Rencana Strategis Kota Padang Tahun 2009-2014”. Unpublished Report. Padang: Sekretariat Daerah Kota Padang.

Sugihartoyo & Wahyu Agung Widagdo. (2010). “Strategi Pengembangan Wisata Kota Tua sebagai Salah Satu Upaya Pelestarian Urban Heritage: Studi Kasus Koridor Kali Besar Jakarta Barat” in Jurnal Planesa, Vol.1, No.1 [Mei].

Wardiningsing, Siti. (2014). “Lanskap Budaya Wisata Budaya Betawi: Studi Kasus Kota Tua Jakarta Kota” in NALARs: Jurnal Arsitektur, Vol.13, No.2 [July].




DOI: https://doi.org/10.2121/tawarikh.v8i1.718

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.2121/tawarikh.v8i1.718.g692

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 TAWARIKH



Creative Commons License
TAWARIKH: Journal of Historical Studies. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

 

View My Stats