Arabian Society in Kaili Lands, Central Sulawesi: Arabic Education and its Movement

Ismail Suardi Wekke

Abstract


ABSTRACT: The presence of the Arabs in the land of Nusantara (Indonesian archipelago) has been a debatable fact up until today. However, experts suggest that they have played a particular important role ever since the early time they came to Nusantara. In the context of Indonesian modern history, the Arabian society is also a pillar of Indonesian citizens to support Indonesian independence. They took a part of independence the nation at large. One of the instruments is educational institution. Therefore, it is a need to discover the development and expansion in Arabian community on education activities. This article explores the historical period of Arabian society in Palu, Central Sulawesi. In-depth interview and non-participant observation were employed to collect data. Three months data collection was conducted, another three months was extended to ensure data collection through triangulation activities. Madrasah Alkhairat was launched from Arabian family on the first era of growth. This research finding shows that there are many social factors force the people to take a progress step in developing spiritual awareness. The colonial situation was instrumental factor. Furthermore, Islamic education became a catalyst. It answered various problems in the society. Indeed, there is an effort to expand the institution from exclusive establishment to organization at large participation from the surrounding society. Finally, the article concludes that education was defined to extend society contribution. This case arises from Arabian people, the further development deliver the Madrasa Alkhairat to meaningful processes beyond ethnic and race.

KEY WORDS: Arabian society, spiritual awareness, education institution, colonial situation, beyond ethnic and race, and support to Indonesian independence.

About the Author: Ismail Suardi Wekke, Ph.D. is a Junior Lecturer at the STAIN (Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri or State Islamic College) Sorong, Jalan Klamono-Sorong Km.17, Klablim, Sorong, West Papua, Indonesia. He can be contacted via his email at: iswekke@gmail.com

How to cite this article? Wekke, Ismail Suardi. (2015). “Arabian Society in Kaili Lands, Central Sulawesi: Arabic Education and its Movement” in TAWARIKH: International Journal for Historical Studies, Vol.7(1) October, pp.63-74. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, ISSN 2085-0980.

Chronicle of the article: Accepted (April 18, 2015); Revised (July 28, 2015); and Published (October 28, 2015).


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah, Taufik. (1971). “School and Politics: The Kaum Muda Movement of West Sumatra”. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University.

Ahmad, Rahimah Haji. (1998). “Educational Development and Reformation in Malaysia: Past, Present, and Future” in Journal of Educational Administration, Vol.36, Iss.5, pp.462-475.

Algadri, Hamid. (1996). Islam dan Keturunan Arab dalam Pemberontakan Melawan Belanda. Bandung: Penerbit Mizan.

Azra, Azyumardi. (2002). Islam Nusantara: Jaringan Global dan Lokal. Bandung: Penerbit Mizan.

Belge, Ceren & Lisa Blaydes. (2014). “Social Capital and Dispute Resolution in Informal Areas of Cairo and Istanbul” in Studies in Comparative International Development, Vol.49, Iss.4, pp.448-476.

Berg, L.W.C. van den. (1989). Hadramaut dan Koloni Arab di Nusantara. Jakarta: INIS, Translation.

Daulay, Haidar Putra. (2007). Sejarah Pertumbuhan dan Pembaharuan Pendidikan Islam di Indonesia. Jakarta: Penerbit Kencana.

Dean, Jason. (2014). “Muslim Values and Market Value: A Sociological Perspective” in Journal of Islamic Marketing, Vol.5, Iss.1, pp.20-32.

Dhofier, Zamakhsyari. (1994). Tradisi Pesantren: Studi tentang Pandangan Hidup Kyai. Jakarta: Penerbit LP3ES, Translation.

Federspiel, Howard M. (1996). Persatuan Islam: Pembaharuan Islam Indonesia Abad XX. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press, Translation.

Hefner, Robert W. (2000). Civil Islam: Muslim and Democratization in Indonesia. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Hughes, Joanne. (2014). “Contact and Context: Sharing Education and Building Relationship in a Divided Society” in Research Papers in Education, Vol.29, Iss.2, pp.193-210.

Ismail, Abdul Ghafar; Bayu Taufiq Possumah & Mohd Najib Abdul Kadir. (2014). “Inter-Generational Transfer Under Islamic Perspective” in Humanomics, Vol.30, Iss.2, pp.95-121.

Izfanna, Duna & Nik Ahmad Hisham. (2012). “A Comprehensive Approach in Developing Akhlaq: A Case Study on the Implementation of Character Education at Pondok Pesantren Darunnajah” in Multicultural Education & Technology Journal, Vol.6, Iss.2, pp.77-86.

Jamous, Rawya & Abdul Rahman Chik. (2012). “Teaching Arabic for Cultural Purposes: A Case Study of Francophone Program of Arabic at Aleppo University” in PROCEDIA: Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol.66, pp.37-45.

Khurshid, A. (2015). “Islamic Traditions of Modernity: Gender, Class, and Islam in a Transnational Women’s Education Project” in Gender and Society, Vol.29, Iss.1 [February], pp.98-121.

Kroef, Van der. (1954). “The Arab Minority” Indonesia in the Modern World. Bandung: Masa Baru.

Kutoyo, Sutrisno. (1986). Sejarah Pendidikan Islam di Sulawesi Tengah. Jakarta: Depdikbud RI [Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia].

Mangunjaya, F.M. (2011). “Developing Enviromental Awareness and Conservation Through Islamic Teaching” in Journal of Islamic Studies, Vol.XXII, Iss.1 [January], pp.36-49.

McGregor, E.K. (2009). “Confronting the Past in Contemporary Indonesia” in Critical Asian Studies, Vol.41, Iss.2, pp.195-224.

Mobini-Kesheh, Natalie. (1999). Community and Identity in the Netherlands East Indies, 1900-1942. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press.

Nainggolang, Nurhayati. (1997). Sejarah Daerah Sulawesi Tengah. Jakarta: Depdikbud RI [Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia].

Nath, S.R. (2012). “The Role of Pre-School Education on Learning Achievement at Primary Level in Bangladesh” in International Journal of Early Years Education, Vol.20, Iss.1, pp.4-14.

Nawi, A., M.I. Hamzah & A.A.A. Rahim. (2015). “Teachers Acceptance of Mobile Learning for Teaching and Learning in Islamic Education: A Preliminary Study” in Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, Vol.16, Iss.1, pp.184-192.

Noer, Deliar. (1987). Gerakan Modern Islam Indonesia, 1900-1942. Jakarta: Penerbit LP3ES, Translation.

Permani, Risti. (2011). “The Presence of Religious Organisations, Religious Attendance, and Earnings: Evidence from Indonesia” in The Journal of Socio-Economics, Vol.40, pp.247-258.

Pohl, Florian. (2006). “Islamic Education and Civil Society: Reflections on the Pesantren Tradition in Contemporary Indonesia” in Comparative Education Review, Vol.50, Iss.3, pp.389-409.

Raihani. (2008). “An Indonesian Model of Succesful School Leadership” in Journal of Educational Administration, Vol.XLVI, Iss.4, pp.481-496.

Raihani. (2012). “Report on Multicultural Education in Pesantren” in Compare, Vol.XLI, Iss.4, pp.585-605.

Rashkow, Ezra. (2015). “Resistance to Hunting in Pre-Independence India: Religious Environmentalism, Ecological Nationalism, or Cultural Conservation?” in Modern Asian Studies, Vol.49, Iss.2, pp.270-301.

Reitz, Jeffrey G., Mai B. Phan & Rupa Banerjee. (2015). “Gender Equity in Canada’s Newy Growing Religious Minorities” in Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol.38, No.5, pp.681-699.

Ricklefs, M.C. (2008). Sejarah Indonesia Modern, 1200-2004. Jakarta: Penerbit Serambi, Translation.

Saniotis, A. (2012). “Muslim and Ecology: Fostering Islamic Enviromental Ethics” in Contemporary Islam, Vol.VI, Iss.2 [July], pp.155-171.

Syakir, Mahid et al. (2009). Sejarah Sosial Sulawesi Tengah. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Pilar.

Taha-Thomure, Hanada. (2008). “The Status of Arabic Language Teaching Today” in Education, Business, and Society: Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues, Vol.1, Iss.3, pp.186-192.

Tamuri, Ab Halim et al. (2013). “Religious Education and Ethical Attitude of Muslim Adolescents in Malaysia” in Multicultural Education & Technology Journal, Vol.7, Iss.4, pp.257-274.

Tekin, Ali Kemal. (2015). “Improving Child Rights in the Gulf: Expectations from the Brand-New Child Law of Oman” in Children and Youth Services Review, Vol.50 [March], pp.12-19.

Villette, Solange Montagné & Irene Hardill. (2007). “Spatial Peripheries, Social Peripheries: Reflections on the ‘Suburbs’ of Paris” in International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Vol.27 Iss.1/2, pp.52-64.

Walseth, Kristin. (2015). “Muslim Girls’ Experiences in Physical Education in Norway: What Role Does Religiosity Play?” in Sport Education and Society, Vol.20, Iss.3, pp.304-322.

Wekke, Ismail Suardi. (2012). “Pesantren dan Pengembangan Kurikulum Kewirausahaan: Kajian Pesantren Roudahtul Khuffadz Sorong, Papua Barat” in Jurnal Inferensi, Vol.6, Iss.2 [December], pp.23-53.

Wekke, Ismail Suardi. (2013). “Religious Education and Empowerment: Study on Pesantren in Muslim Minority West Papua” in MIQOT: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman, Vol.XXXVII(2), July-December, pp.374-395.

Wekke, Ismail Suardi. (2014). “Tradisi Pesantren dalam Konstruksi Kurikulum Bahasa Arab di Lembaga Pendidikan Minoritas Muslim Papua Barat” in Jurnal Karsa, Vol.22, Iss.1 [June], pp.21-39.

Wekke, Ismail Suardi & Asmaun Sahlan. (2014). “Strategy in Creating School Enviroment: Lessons from High School Indonesia” in PROCEDIA: Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol.143 [August], pp.112-116.

Wekke, Ismail Suardi & Hamid Sanusi. (2013). “Technology on Language Teaching and Learning: A Research on Indonesian Pesantren” in PROCEDIA: Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol.83 [July], pp.585-589.

Wekke, Ismail Suardi & Maimun Aqsha Lubis. (2008). “A Multicultural Approach in Arabic Language Teaching: Creating Equality at Indonesian Pesantren Classroom Life” in SOSIOHUMANIKA: Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Vol.1, No.2, pp.295-310.

Wekke, Ismail Suardi & Maimun Aqsha Lubis. (2011). “Educational Technology on Teaching and Learning of Integrated Islamic Education in Brunei Darussalam” in Ulumuna, Vol.XV, Iss.1 [June], pp.185-204.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.2121/tawarikh.v7i1.623

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.2121/tawarikh.v7i1.623.g619

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 TAWARIKH



Creative Commons License
TAWARIKH: Journal of Historical Studies. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

 

View My Stats