Ahmad Sanoesi, 1888-1950: The Leading Figure of Al-Ittihadijatoel Islamijjah

Wawan Hernawan, Nina Herlina Lubis, Mumuh Muhsin Zakaria

Abstract


ABSTRACT: For his era, Ahmad Sanoesi was a much reckoned figure. His presence in a historical stage of indigenous or pribumi Muslim has colored Islamic movement, particularly the AII (Al-Ittihadijatoel Islamijjah or Islamic Unity). Although in its organization statute, AII focused its movement on education and social fields, political educations promoted by Ahmad Sanoesi have made AII was a very militant organization in West Priangan, particularly in Sukabumi, Bogor, and Cianjur. This research aims to find out and uncover the authenticity of its movement. This is an important task in the era when global figure is idolized. Thus, it is very wise to scrutinize a local figure who has a big role in finding out its history of nation-state. By implementing a historical research, it was found that Ahmad Sanoesi has successfully engineered a Muslim organization, namely the AII as a place to unite Muslim scholars or “kyai around Sukabumi. Through his organization, Ahmad Sanoesi has successfully given solution for governmental policies that disadvantage the people. In addition, dialogues of Ahmad Sanoesi with Indonesia movement’s leaders and Japanese occupation government have encouraged a new nationalism attitude among himself and others, which are in his era considered to be very open and plural (non-religious and non-ethnic oriented). He was the one who promoted the idea of imamat or republic (for Indonesian state formation) to the BPUPKI (Badan Penyelidik dan Usaha-usaha Persiapan Kemerdekaan Indonesia” or the Investigation Body for Preparing and Working the Indonesia Independence) assembly.

KEY WORDS: Figure of Ahmad Sanoesi, Muslim organization, movement, political educations, parliament, and Indonesia independence.

    

About the Authors: Dr. H. Wawan Hernawan is a Lecturer at the Faculty of Ushuluddin or Theology UIN (State Islamic University) Sunan Gunung Djati in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia; Prof. Dr. Hj. Nina Herlina Lubis and Dr. H. Mumuh Muhsin Zakaria are Lecturers at the History Department, Faculty of Humanities UNPAD (Padjadjaran University) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. The authors can be contacted via their e-mails at: wanha99@yahoo.co.id, ninaherlinalubis@gmail.com, and mumuhmz@yahoo.co.id

How to cite this article? Hernawan, Wawan, Nina Herlina Lubis & Mumuh Muhsin Zakaria. (2014). “Ahmad Sanoesi, 1888-1950: The Leading Figure of Al-Ittihadijatoel Islamijjah” in TAWARIKH: International Journal for Historical Studies, Vol.6(1) October, pp.67-82. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press and UNHAS Makassar, ISSN 2085-0980.

Chronicle of the article: Accepted (September 28, 2013); Revised (May 17, 2014); and Published (October 28, 2014).


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.2121/tawarikh.v6i1.584

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.2121/tawarikh.v6i1.584.g582

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