A Discourse of the Female Body in an Ancient Sundanese Literary Work of Lutung Kasarung: An Eco-Feminist Approach

Retty Isnendes, Dingding Haerudin

Abstract


ABSTRACT: This research investigates Sundanese narrative poems in ”Lutung Kasarung” (LK) with an eco-feminist theory. This research draws upon an analytical descriptive method of literary research with a data collection method and a feminist text analysis. The data sources were two texts of narrative poems of LK which had been converted into a story by Ahmad Bakri (1976) and documents from an oral story which had been rewritten by C.M. Pleyte (1910). This study reveals that: (1) there was an event that underlied the representation of the female body, there was a discourse that explored the female body, and the characters presented were related and formed an event in the social reality of the Kingdom of Pasirbatang; (2) a denial of Carolyn Merchant’s theory, particularly in the context of women and ecology as well as as of women and reproduction. The denial was represented by the character of Purba Rarang; and (3) there was injustice towards female characters, although it was hidden beneath the writer’s worship to women.

KEY WORDS: Eco-feminist, a discourse of the female body, poem of ”Lutung Kasarung”, and Sundanese society.

  

About the Authors: Retty Isnendes, M.Hum. and Dr. Dingding Haerudin are Lecturers at the Faculty of Language and Arts Education UPI (Indonesia University of Education), Jalan Dr. Setiabudhi No.229 Bandung 40154, West Java, Indonesia. They can be reached at: chyerettyisnendes@gmail.com and dingdinghaerudin@yahoo.co.id

How to cite this article? Isnendes, Retty & Dingding Haerudin. (2011). “A Discourse of the Female Body in an Ancient Sundanese Literary Work of Lutung Kasarung: An Eco-Feminist Approach” in TAWARIKH: International Journal for Historical Studies, Vol.3(1) October, pp.109-120. Bandung, Indonesia: ASPENSI [Asosiasi Sarjana Pendidikan Sejarah Indonesia] and UVRI [Universitas Veteran Republik Indonesia], ISSN 2085-0980.

Chronicle of the article: Accepted (August 14, 2011); Revised (September 17, 2011); and Published (October 28, 2011).


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abu Syuqqah, Abdul Halim. (1999). Kebebasan Wanita. Jakarta: Gema Insani.

Andriyani, Nori & Aquarini Priyatna Prabasmoro. (2000). “Refleksi Pemikiran Perempuan” in Perempuan Indonesia dalam Masyarakat yang Tengah Berubah. Jakarta: The Study Program of Women Studies, Postgraduate Program UI (University of Indonesia).

Arivia, Gadis. (2003). Filsafat Berperspektif Feminis. Jakarta: Yayasan Jurnal Perempuan.

Bakri, Ahmad. (1976). Sanghiang Lutung Kasarung. Jakarta: Pustaka Jaya.

Chamamah Soeratno, Siti. (1994). “Penelitian Sastra: Tinjauan tentang Teori dan Metode, Sebuah Pengantar” in Teori Penelitian Sastra. Yogyakarta: Masyarakat Poetika Indonesia IKIP Muhammadiyah.

Fakih, Mansour. (1999). Analisis Gender dan Transformasi Sosial. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, third publication.

Ghozali, Abdul Moqsit et al. (2002). Tubuh, Seksualitas, dan Kedaulatan Perempuan: Bunga Rampai Pemikiran Ulama Muda. Jakarta: RAHIMA.

Hartini, Sobar. (2002). “’Kebijakan Puitis’ Dongeng Lutung Kasarung: Kearifan Ekologi Feminin” in Jurnal Perempuan, 21. Jakarta: Yayasan Jurnal Perempuan.

Hellwig, Tineke. (2003). In the Shadow of Change: Citra Perempuan dalam Sastra Indonesia. Depok: Desantara.

Humm, Magie. (2002). Ensiklopedia Feminisme. Yogyakarta: Fajar Pustaka Baru.

Isnendes, Retty. (2004). “Suara Perempuan dalam Novel Sunda Puputon ‘Buah Hati’ oleh Aam Amilia: Kajian Feminisme”. Unpublished Thesis Master. Yogyakarta: Postgraduate Program UGM (University of Gadjah Mada).

Moleong, J.F.O. (1995). Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Remaja Rosda Karya.

Mufidah, Ch. (2003). Paradigma Gender. Malang: Bayumedia.

Pleyte, C.M. (1910). De Legende van den Loetoeng Kasaroeng. Batavia: Albrecht & Co and S. Hage Martinus Nyhoff.

Showalter, Elaine. (1985). “Feminist Criticism in the Wilderness” in The New Feminist Criticsm. New York: Pantheon Books.

Sukesi, Keppi. (2001). “Teknik Analisis Gender”. Paper presented in the Depdiknas RI (Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Republik Indonesia or Ministry of National Education, the Republic of Indonesia) in Jakarta.

Sumardjo, Jakob. (2003). Simbol-simbol Artefak Budaya Sunda. Bandung: Kelir.

Surtiati Hidayat, Rahayu. (2001). “Penelitian Kualitatif Berperspektif Gender dalam Pendidikan”. Paper presented in the Depdiknas (Departemen Pendidikan Nasional or Ministry of National Education) in Jakarta, Indonesia.

Suryani N.S., Elis et al. (2002). Peran Wanita Sunda dalam Karya Sastra Sunda: Suatu Kajian Gender. Jakarta: Pusat Bahasa, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

Tamsyah, Budi Rahayu et al. (2003). Kamus Lengkep: Sunda-Indonesia, Indonesia-Sunda, Sunda-Sunda. Bandung: CV Pustaka Setia, third publication.

Wibisana, Wahyu et al. (2000). Lima Abad Sastra Sunda. Bandung: CV Geger Sunten.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
TAWARIKH: Journal of Historical Studies. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

 

View My Stats