Politics of Curriculum in the Educational System in Indonesia

Dinn Wahyudin, Andi Suwirta


ABSTRACT: Curriculum is broadly defined as a plan to guide instruction or a written document with content and planned learning experiences for achieving intended goals. This article, using the qualitative approaches and literature review methods, tries to discusse some phenomena concerning the politics of curriculum in the education system in Indonesia. It also discusses some hot issues of curriculum changes, due to the change of education leaders in national level, that strongly influence the implementation of national policy on education. The results also showed that, as a case in Indonesia, the coherency curriculum is relatively low between what it has been planned and what it shall be implemented. Even though a curriculum must take into consideration not only the planned curriculum, but also the enacted or taught curriculum, the experienced curriculum, and the tested curriculum. From the other side, curriculum is as a political process. It is strongly determined by many considerations from many stakeholders. Curriculum as a public policy, it is generally referred to the executive as well as legislative regulation to address a public issue by instituting laws and regulations. Lastly, since Indonesia declared independence on August 17, 1945, the national education system has gotten more 10 curriculum changes. These changes are a logical consequence of curriculum politics that occur in accordance with changes in the political system, socio-cultural, economic, and science and technology in the nation society. The curriculum as a set of educational plans needs to be developed dynamically in accordance with the demands and changes that occur in the community.

KEY WORDS: Curriculum Development; Politics of Curriculum; Educational Policy in Indonesia.


About the Authors: Prof. Dr. Dinn Wahyudin is a Lecturer at the the Department of Curriculum and Educational Technology FIP UPI (Faculty of Education, Indonesia University of Education), Jalan Dr. Setiabudhi No.229 Bandung 40154, West Java, Indonesia. Andi Suwirta, M.Hum. is a Lecturer at the Department of History Education FPIPS UPI (Faculty of Social Studies Education, Indonesia University of Education) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. For academic interests, the Authors are able to be contacted via e-mails address at: dinn.wahyudin@upi.edu and suwirta.sahaja@upi.edu

Suggested Citation: Wahyudin, Dinn & Andi Suwirta. (2020). “Politics of Curriculum in the Educational System in Indonesia” in TAWARIKH: Journal of Historical Studies, Volume 11(2), April, pp.143-158. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press owned by ASPENSI, with ISSN 2085-0980 (print) and ISSN 2685-2284 (online).

Article Timeline: Accepted (February 5, 2020); Revised (March 11, 2020); and Published (April 30, 2020).


Curriculum Development; Politics of Curriculum; Educational Policy in Indonesia

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.2121/tawarikh.v11i2.1307


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