Ngalaksa in the Folktales of Rancakalong, Sumedang, West Java: A Local Historical Study

Retty Isnendes

Abstract


ABSTRACT: This article is concerned with the folktales in Rancakalong, Sumedang, West Java, Indonesia, which are the records and references for the cultural activity of “Ngalaksa”. “Ngalaksa” is an activity of making “laksa”, as an expression of gratitude for the harvest and as an activity of “ngalaksanakeun” or conducting, and respecting the mandates of the ancestors. Folktale becomes very important in the cycle of agriculture in the region. W.R. Bascom (1954 and 1983)’s theory is used in studying the folktales. The method employed is qualitative by using historical approach, with the following techniques: literary study, interview, recording and documentation, observation, and text and content analysis. Fourteen folktales become the data of this research and their relationships with the activity of “Ngalaksa” are presented, so too their historical analysis. The results show that the relationships between the content of the folktales and “Ngalaksa” in Rancakalong, Sumedang, West Java, include: the main ingredients and art in “Ngalaksa”, food processing, and traditional histories. In the last section of the article, there are recommendations to review and re-interpret the stories of the origin of “Ngalaksa”. Review and reinterpretation of the origin stories of “Ngalaksa” have to be conducted in order to be able to reconstruct the real story. By researching the history of leadership in Sumedang, it is possible to infer that “Ngalaksa” ceremony has been really old, in line with the respect paid to “Nyai Pohaci” (dry/unirrigated rice field culture) that is thought to be Sundanese authentic culture, especially pertaining the story of the origin of rice in Rancakalong, Sumedang, West Java.

KEY WORDS: Ngalaksa Ceremony; Folktales; Local History; Rancakalong District; History of Leadership in Sumedang.

About the Author: Dr. Retty Isnendes is a Lecturer at the Department of Sundanese Education, Faculty of Language and Literature Education UPI (Indonesia University of Education), Jalan Dr. Setiabudhi No.229 Bandung 40154, West Java, Indonesia. For academic interests, the author is able to be contacted via e-mail address at: retty.isnendes@upi.edu  

Suggested Citation: Isnendes, Retty. (2019). “Ngalaksa in the Folktales of Rancakalong, Sumedang, West Java: A Local Historical Study” in TAWARIKH: Journal of Historical Studies, Volume 10(2), April, pp.157-172. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press owned by ASPENSI, ISSN 2085-0980 (print).

Article Timeline: Accepted (February 9, 2019); Revised (March 24, 2019); and Published (April 30, 2019).


Keywords


Ngalaksa Ceremony; Folktales; Local History; Rancakalong District; History of Leadership in Sumedang

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