Protestan Christianity Education in Tolaki and Moronene Society in Southeast Sulawesi, 1919-1942

Basrin Melamba, Nina Herlina, Kunto Sofianto

Abstract


ABSTRACT: This paper, using the historical method, qualitative approaches, and literature review, discussed the development of Protestan Christianity in Southeast Sulawesi, especially in Tolaki and Moronene society on 1919-1942 period. The efforts and policies of Dutch East Indies government and/or NZV (Nederlandse Zendings Vereniging or Dutch Mission Association) in opening school of Zending (Protestant Missionary) influenced toward the development of indigenous people. The opening of school by NZV institution not only had a special education pattern, but also had its influence. Opportunities of Zending in opening the education was inseparable from the missing of social services from Dutch East Indies or indigenous government toward the local society. The presence of Christianity education had risen various responses from various circles and also as the medium of Christianizing indigenous people. The dichotomy in the presence of Christianity education would occur in the midst of indigenous people, either it was the problem of management, policy, or the form of responses to its acceptance. This article was also arguing that the education of Christianity had an effect on the efforts of the deployment and development of Protestant Christianity in the Tolaki and Moronene society in Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia.

KEY WORDS: Education; Protestant Missionary; Tolaki and Moronene People; Southeast Sulawesi; Cultural and Social Changes.

    

About the Authors: Basrin Melamba is a Lecturer at the Department of History, Faculty of Humanities UHO (University of Halu Oleo) in Kendari 93232, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. Prof. Dr. Nina Herlina and Dr. Kunto Sofianto are the Lecturers at the Department of History, Faculty of Humanities UNPAD (Padjadjaran University) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. E-mails address: melambabasrin@uho.ac.id, nina.herlina@unpad.ac.id, and kunto.sofianto@unpad.ac.id

Suggested Citation: Melamba, Basrin, Nina Herlina & Kunto Sofianto. (2019). “Protestan Christianity Education in Tolaki and Moronene Society in Southeast Sulawesi, 1919-1942” in TAWARIKH: Journal of Historical Studies, Volume 10(2), April, pp.133-156. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press owned by ASPENSI, ISSN 2085-0980 (print).

Article Timeline: Accepted (January 17, 2019); Revised (March 11, 2019); and Published (April 30, 2019).


Keywords


Education; Protestant Missionary; Tolaki and Moronene People; Southeast Sulawesi; Cultural and Social Changes

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