The Planggatan Temple Strengtheners of Religious People's Solidarity in Central Java

Bayu Anggoro, Sariyatun Sariyatun, Susanto Susanto

Abstract


ABSTRACT: Culture is a very long root of a human civilization. No human being does not create culture; on the other hand, humans always create thinkers to take action and make a term, and this is called “culture”. Special culture in the Indonesian archipelago, and more specifically Java and contemporary times, Hindu-Buddhist is about a place of worship called “Candi” (Temple). Temple as the highest form of society when it became a representation of civilization (copyright, taste, and intention), all of which are the result of human thought in the past that can be realized in the form of temples. This article, by by using the historical method, qualitative approach, and literature study, tries to elaborate the Javanese material culture, especially the Planggatan temple site, and its function as making the religious people solidarity in Central Java in the period of Hindu-Buddhist. The Planggatan temple site has had a different pattern from the other temples in Java. The Planggatan temple site is also a picture of harmony solidarity contained in one corner of the relief. A temple is a place of worship from the relics of the past that originated from Hindu-Buddhist religion, which has meaning “Candika Graha”, meaning that “Candika” is Goddess of Death and “Graha or Griyo” is House, which applies to the whole house to live in the spirit that has left the world. The Planggatan itself is a temple that is used entirely with these works. The Planggatan is the place where the spirits of the people are buried in the Planggatan temple site itself. This, on the other side, the Planggatan temple site tells not only as a place for spirits to reside, but also tells about the norms of everyday life that we are able to see in their unique uses on temple rocks, which are increasingly faint in appearance statue.

KEY WORDS: Planggatan Temple Site; Javanese Culture; Relief; Solidarity.

    

About the Authors: Bayu Anggoro, S.Pd. is a Student of History Education at the Postgraduate Program UNS (Universitas Negeri Sebelas Maret or State University of March 11), Jalan Ir. Sutami No.36-A, Kentingan, Jebres, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia. Prof. Dr. Sariyatun and Dr. Susanto are the Lecturers of History at the Postgraduate Program UNS in Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia. For academic interests, the authors are able to be contacted via e-mail address at: bayuanggoro6969@gmail.com  

Suggested Citation: Anggoro, Bayu, Sariyatun & Susanto. (2019). “The Planggatan Temple Strengtheners of Religious People's Solidarity in Central Java” in TAWARIKH: Journal of Historical Studies, Volume 10(2), April, pp.121-132. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press owned by ASPENSI, ISSN 2085-0980 (print).

Article Timeline: Accepted (October 28, 2018); Revised (December 27, 2018); and Published (April 30, 2019).


Keywords


Planggatan Temple Site; Javanese Culture; Relief; Solidarity

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References


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