Supervisors’ Practice in Conducting Supervision on Guidance and Counselling Teachers in Primary School

Mohd Zarawi Mat Nor

Abstract


ABSTRACT: Practicum is one of the vital components in training the curriculum for guidance and counselling teachers, or known as the Primary School Guidance and Counselling Teachers (PSGCT). This research aimed at understanding forms of practices that be practised by the supervisors in conducting supervision on PSGCT. Furthermore, seven supervisors from the Institute of Teacher Education (ITE) have been selected as the primary data, meanwhile 21 teacher trainees have been chosen as secondary data. The approach used in this research is qualitative case study. The data is collected by using three methods, namely observation, interviews, and using related documents. The data has been analysed manually by using Nvivo procedure program. Revision by the participants and experts lead to the data validity. Result has shown that the supervisors have practiced six distinctive practices which are relevant to the supervision aspect and the trainees’ needs during the practicum supervision of the PSGCT. Such practices are educating, counselling, modelling, evaluating, sampling, and directing. A few implications have been identified from this research such as trainee policy intake, training and courses as well as the effects on the supervisors and counsellor educators.

KEY WORD: Supervision, practice, supervisors, Primary School Guidance and Counselling Teachers, and Institute of Teacher Education.  

IKHTISAR: “Amalan Pensyarah-Penyelia terhadap Guru Bimbingan dan Kaunseling Sekolah Rendah”. Praktikum merupakan salah satu komponen penting dalam kurikulum latihan Guru Bimbingan dan Kaunseling Sekolah Rendah (GBKSR). Tujuan kajian ini adalah untuk memahami bentuk-bentuk amalan pensyarah-penyelia semasa menyelia praktikum GBKSR. Kajian ini dijalankan dalam kalangan tujuh orang pensyarah-penyelia praktikum GBKSR di Institut Pendidikan Guru (IPG) sebagai sumber data primer dan 21 orang guru pelatih sebagai sumber data sekunder. Pendekatan kajian adalah kualitatif jenis kajian kes. Data dipungut menggunakan tiga kaedah iaitu pemerhatian, temubual dan dokumen berkaitan. Data dianalisis secara manual menggunakan prosedur program Nvivo. Kesahan data diperoleh melalui semakan partisipan dan pakar. Dapatan menunjukkan pensyarah-penyelia mempraktikkan enam bentuk amalan tersendiri yang relevan dengan aspek penyeliaan dan keperluan guru pelatih semasa melaksanakan penyeliaan praktikum GBKSR. Amalan yang dipraktikkan semasa menyelia praktikum, ialah amalan mendidik, amalan sebagai kaunselor, pemodelan, amalan menilai, amalan memberi contoh dan mengarah. Antara implikasi yang timbul daripada kajian ini ialah pada dasar pengambilan guru pelatih, latihan dan kursus, dan implikasi pada penyelia dan pendidik kaunselor.

KATA KUNCI: Penyeliaan, amalan, pensyarah penyelia, Guru Bimbingan dan Kaunseling Sekolah Rendah, dan Institut Pendidikan Guru.

About the Author: Mohd Zarawi Mat Nor, Ph.D. is a Senior Lecturer at the Department of Medical Education USM (Science University of Malaysia), Kampus Kesihatan, Kubang Kerian, 16150 Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia. E-mail address: zarawi@usm.my

How to cite this article? Mat Nor, Mohd Zarawi. (2014). “Supervisors’ Practice in Conducting Supervision on Guidance and Counselling Teachers in Primary School” in ATIKAN: Jurnal Kajian Pendidikan, Vol. 4(1) June, pp.73-84. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press and UNSUR Cianjur, ISSN 2088-1290.

Chronicle of the article: Accepted (February 7, 2014); Revised (April 10, 2014); and Published (June 29, 2014).


Full Text:

PDF

References


Anderson, Lauren M. & Jamy A. Stillman. (2013). “Student Teaching’s Contribution to Preservice Teacher Development: A Review of Research Focused on the Preparation of Teachers for Urban and High-Needs Contexts” in Review of Educational Research, Vol.83, No.1 [March], pp.3-69. Available [online] also at http://rer.sagepub.com/content/83/1/3.full.pdf+html [accessed in Kota Bharu, Malaysia: 15 January 2014].

Babbie, E.R. (2002). The Basics of Social Research. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning, 2nd edition.

Bernard, J.M. (1979). “The Discrimination Model” in C.E. Watkins [ed]. Handbook of Psychotherapy Supervision. New York, NY: Wiley, pp.310-327.

Bernard, J.M. (1981). “In Service Training for Clinical Supervisors” in Professional Psychology, 12(6), pp.740-748.

BPG [Bahagian Pendidikan Guru]. (2004). Sukatan Pelajaran Bimbingan dan Kaunseling KPLI (Sekolah Rendah). Kuala Lumpur: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia.

Bradley, L.J. & J.A. Kotler. (2001). “Overview of Counsellor Supervision” in L.J. Bradley & N. Ladany [eds]. Counsellor Supervision: Principles, Process, and Practice. Philadelphia, PA: Brunner-Routledge, pp.3-21.

Bradley, L.J., L. Gould & G. Parr. (2001). “Supervision-Based Integrative Model of Counsellor Supervision” in L.J. Bradley & N. Ladany [eds]. Counsellor Supervision: Principles, Process, and Practice. New York: Brunner-Routledge, pp.93-121.

Duncan, K. (2003). “Perceptions of the Importance and Utilization of Clinical Supervision among Certified South Dakota School Counsellors”. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis. Vermillion, SD: University of South Dakota.

Gachutha, Catherine Wanjiru. (2006). “The Role of Supervision in the Management of Counsellor Burnout”. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis. Cape Town: University of South Africa. Available [online] also at http://uir.unisa.ac.za/bitstream/handle/10500/1876/thesis.pdf?sequence=1 [accessed in Kota Bharu, Malaysia: 15 January 2014].

Hargreaves, Andy & Michael Fullan. (2010). Mentoring in the New Millennium. London, UK: Routledge.

Hussin, Sufean. (2004). Pendidikan di Malaysia: Sejarah, Sistem, dan Falsafah. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, edisi ke-2.

Interview with Practicum Teacher 8, on 22 February 2013, translated by the researcher based on the actual evidence in Malay language.

Interview with Practicum Teacher 11, on 4 March 2013, translated by the researcher based on the actual evidence in Malay language.

Interview with Supervisor B, on 18 February 2013, translated by the researcher based on the actual evidence in Malay language.

Interview with Supervisor C, on 25 January 2013, translated by the researcher based on the actual evidence in Malay language.

Interview with Supervisor C, on 22 February 2013, translated by the researcher based on the actual evidence in Malay language.

Interview with Supervisor D, on 4 March 2013, translated by the researcher based on the actual evidence in Malay language.

Interview with Supervisor F, on 11 March 2013, translated by the researcher based on the actual evidence in Malay language.

Ishak, Noriah et al. (2010). Kajian Kes dalam Penyelidikan Pendidikan. Kuala Lumpur: McGraw Hill Education.

Kaiser, T.L. & A. Baretta-Herman. (1999). “The Supervision Institute: A Model for Supervisory Training” in Clinical Supervision, 18(1), pp.33-46.

Landis, J.R. & G.G. Koch. (1977). “The Measurement of Observer Agreement for Categorical Data” in Biometrics, 33, pp.159-174.

Mat Min, Ruhani. (2012). “Impact of the Supervisory Relationship on Trainee Development” in International Journal of Business and Social Science, Vol.3 No.18 [Special Issue, September]. Available [online] also at http://ijbssnet.com/journals/Vol_3_No_18_Special_Issue_September_2012/19.pdf [accessed in Kota Bharu, Malaysia: 15 January 2014].

Mohamed, Othman. (2008). Amalan Penyeliaan Kaunseling. Serdang: Penerbit UPM [Universiti Putra Malaysia].

Mohd Noh, Sidek & Wan Marzuki Wan Jaafar. (2007). “Analisis Kesahan dan Kebolehpercayaan Inventori Penilaian Kaunselor terhadap Penyelia” in Jurnal PERKAMA, 13, pp.1-14.

Mohd Salleh, Amla. (2001). “Latihan Praktikum di IPTA Malaysia” in Jurnal PERKAMA, 9, pp.119-137.

Observation note, on 25 January 2013, translated by the researcher based on the actual evidence in Malay language.

Reviewed data, on 20 January 2013, translated by the researcher based on the actual evidence in Malay language.

Reviewed data, on 28 January 2013, translated by the researcher based on the actual evidence in Malay language.

Reviewed data, on 11 March 2013, translated by the researcher based on the actual evidence in Malay language.

Salim, Suradi. (2004). Halatuju Penyelidikan dalam Kaunseling: Halatuju Kaunseling. Tanjong Malim: Penerbit Universiti Perguruan Sultan Idris.

Silverman, D. (2002). Doing Qualitative Research: A Practical Handbook. London, UK: Sage.

Yin, R.K. (1994). Case Study Research: Design and Methods. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications, Inc., 2nd edition.

Yusoff, Marohaini. (2001). Penyelidikan Kualitatif: Pengalaman Kerja Lapangan Kajian. Kuala Lumpur: Penerbit UM [Universiti Malaya].




DOI: https://doi.org/10.2121/atikan-journal.v4i1.156

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.2121/atikan-journal.v4i1.156.g155

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
ATIKAN: Jurnal Kajian Pendidikan. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

View My Stats